You may need to know the difference between hallucinations and delusions, as most people still have difficulty distinguishing between hallucinations and delusions. Many assume that these two psychiatric problems are the same. Even the use of the term is confusing.
In fact, the two health problems are different. Although they both cause a person to have difficulty recognising what is not real, and what is real.
Nowadays, many people abbreviate the term hallucination with the term ‘halu’. The use of this term is actually reversed. This term should actually be used for delusions.
Summarising from various sources, hallucinations and delusions usually arise due to similar mental illnesses. Such as schizophrenia or the occurrence of bipolar disorder.
Both problems will cause distortions in reality. In addition, both can also appear without any other mental illness.
Know the Difference Between Hallucinations and Delusions
The difference between the two problems is that hallucinations are things that feel but are not real. Meanwhile, delusion is someone who believes something that is not true or real.
Hallucinations are things you can feel, hear, see or smell even though they are not real. Someone experiencing hallucinations may believe that something is real, everything that is seen, heard, and felt is very real.
Meanwhile, what happens with delusions is slightly different. Although it involves the experience of feeling that something is real, in reality it is not.
Because delusion is a mind that has the view that something that is actually wrong but instead considers it right. This is one of the differences between hallucinations and delusions.
However, delusion is not a person’s mind that is wrong about something because of intelligence, education, religion, culture, or other factors.
However, many think it is wrong because of an abnormal condition in one’s mind. So, a person will strongly believe in his delusions, even though there is already evidence that it is wrong.
Examples of Hallucinations
The difference between hallucinations and delusions. For example, hallucinations can be said to be events related to one’s senses. Even with the same conditions, the hallucinations that appear in each person can be different.
Then, hearing a voice command from someone to do something, or seeing light through a certain pattern. The appearance of a floating feeling like leaving the body, and smelling certain odours or aromas without cause.
Examples of Delusions
The difference between hallucinations and delusions. For example, a delusion is the appearance of a belief in something that is false. There are several common types and categories of delusions. Most of the triggers are from psychiatric problems or mental illness.
Some of these types of delusions include Persecutory, which is when a person believes that other people are trying to do bad things to them.
Then the Grandiose type, which is a delusion that believes they have special powers, talents, and abilities. Having a relationship with a famous or important person.
Next is the Jealous type. This is a delusion involving the belief that their partner is unfaithful.
Somatic type, which is the false idea that someone is sick or physically unable to do something.
Bizzare-type delusions. This type believes in things that are impossible. For example, they believe that someone is controlling or monitoring their thoughts.
Now that you know the difference between hallucinations and delusions, you can also prevent them. There is evidence that even people who are in good health sometimes experience hallucinations and delusions. However, when you start to feel one of these symptoms, you should immediately consult a psychiatrist or psychologist.